Gaze

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TYPE D’OBJET
SURGICAL/STERILE
DATE
1950–1964
NUMÉRO DE L’ARTEFACT
1991.0297.001
FABRICANT
Bauer & Black, Div. of Kendall Co. (Canada) Ltd.
MODÈLE
CURITY
EMPLACEMENT
Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Plus d’information


Renseignements généraux

Nº de série
S/O
Nº de partie
1
Nombre total de parties
1
Ou
S/O
Brevets
S/O
Description générale
COTTON GAUZE PACKED IN CARDBOARD BOX

Dimensions

Remarque : Cette information reflète la taille générale pour l’entreposage et ne représente pas nécessairement les véritables dimensions de l’objet.

Longueur
12,3 cm
Largeur
3,9 cm
Hauteur
3,9 cm
Épaisseur
S/O
Poids
S/O
Diamètre
S/O
Volume
S/O

Lexique

Groupe
Technologie médicale
Catégorie
Matériel médical
Sous-catégorie
S/O

Fabricant

Ou
Bauer Black
Pays
Canada
État/province
Ontario
Ville
Toronto

Contexte

Pays
Canada
État/province
Nouveau-Brunswick
Période
C.1952-1968
Canada
Part of the Hopital de l'Assomption collection of medical instruments and equipment. This material is representative of medical technology used in a small hospital operating in an economically depressed region of Canada during the first half of the 20th century. “This artifact is part of a collection used in l’Hôpital de l’Assomption in Grand Falls/Grand Sault, New Brunswick. The hospital was run by the Secular Institute of The Oblate Missionaries of Mary Immaculate (OMMI), from 1952-1964. OMMI is a large organisation which ran residential schools across Canada and the Secular Institute is one arm of that larger organisation [1].The artifacts in this collection were curated by the Secular Institute (sometimes referred to as the “Oblates”), specifically Fabienne Rinfret, who was one of the original 10 nurses working at the hospital when it opened [2]. They were purchased by The Canada Science and Technology Museum in 1991, only months before OMMI made their first apology for their role in running residential schools [3]. The artifacts in this collection are common examples of medical objects, which were manufactured in many places inside and outside of Canada. What makes them unique is their context, they were used in this hospital by the “Oblate” nurses. The hospital was previously called l’Hôpital d’Emard and run by Mme. Emard, Mr. Emard (who was blind), and a few other staff [4]. The “Oblates” took over in 1952 and ran the hospital until May 31st 1964 upon the opening of Grand Falls General Hospital Incorporated, which was run by the Religieuses Hospitalières de St-Joseph. The Cataract Weekly (Grand Falls’ bilingual newspaper) reported that all 55 staff members were hired on at the new hospital and most of the equipment was transferred there as well [5]. After only a year and a half the Secular Institute had 200 members, most of whom had passed through the Mother House at l’Hospital de l’Assomption. Many members were nurses working at hospitals in New Brunswick and Québec. Others worked as teachers, housekeepers, and nurses at presbyteries [6]. From the Secular Institute’s history written in 2015, Malenfant states: “[t]he Institute did not limit itself to a particular type of works” and “[t]he intern members devoted themselves in varied works: hospitals, schools, classical colleges, dispensaries, secretariats, social services, homes for young girls, for convalescents or for the elderly, bookstores, […] etc.” [2]. There were no residential schools in New Brunswick, however, Shubenacadie Residential School ran in Nova Scotia from 1930 and 1967 [7]. From 1956-1967 it was managed by the Oblate Missionaries of Mary Immaculate [8]. There was also a segregated hospital and day school, Tobique Indian Hospital (also known as St. Ann’s Teacherage and Hospital) in Tobique, NB, which was run by the Sisters of Charity from 1928-1981 [9] [10].” [Ref 3]
Fonction
FOR CLEANING/DRYING SURGICAL SITES & PACKING WOUNDS OR INCISIONS
Technique
TYPE SAMPLE OFTYPICAL SURGICAL GAUZE, UNIFORMLY PRODUCED AND STERILIZED AFTER PACKAGING, READY FOR USE
Notes sur la région
Inconnu

Détails

Marques
BOX FRONT READS: 'ALL-PURPOSE/ (BAUER & BLACK)/ DIVISION OF THE KENDALL COMPANY (CANADA), LIMITED/ TORONTO ONTARIO. TO OPEN-LIFT FLAP/ POUR OUVRIR-LEVER CETTE LANGUETTE' & '(BAUER & BLACK)' PRINTED ALONG ENDS/ BOX BASE READS: 'ALL-PURPOSE SURGICAL GAUZE/ The softness, absorbency and uniformity/ of this fine Bauer & Black Gauze is/ made possibly through extreme care/ throughout the entire process of manu-/ facture. The gauze is completely sterilized/ after packaging in this carton.' & FRENCH TEXT/ BOX BACK CONTAINS MFG SOURCE INFO. AND 'ALL-PURPOSE/ SURGICAL GAUZE/ STERILIZED AFTER PACKAGING/ If this package is broken or open,' 'Sterility cannot be guaranteed...'/ GAUZE DIMENSIONS ALSO GIVEN ON BACK & SIDE PANELS.
Manque
NONE
Fini
BOX IS OFF-WHITE WITH RED & BLUE PRINT
Décoration
S/O

FAIRE RÉFÉRENCE À CET OBJET

Si vous souhaitez publier de l’information sur cet objet de collection, veuillez indiquer ce qui suit :

Bauer & Black, Div. of Kendall Co. (Canada) Ltd., Gaze, vers 1950–1964, Numéro de l'artefact 1991.0297, Ingenium - Musées des sciences et de l'innovation du Canada, http://collection.ingeniumcanada.org/fr/id/1991.0297.001/

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